Rubber Water Hoses

Rubber Water Hoses

Around 25 million tonnes of rubber is produced each year, with 42 percent derived from natural rubber and 68 percent being synthetic.  70 percent of the world’s natural rubber supply makes tyres once the rubber has been vulcanized.  Vulcanization is a process that stops rubber from perishing and makes it more elastic by adding peroxide, sulfur and bisphenol. South America was the only place the Para Rubber tree could be found during the 19th century and it was a capital offense to export the seeds but in 1876 over 70,000 seeds were smuggled out of Brazil but only 2,400 survived and planted in Kew Gardens, England and from there the rest of the world.

The main uses for fuel is to power cars, airplanes and heat our homes. The first known example of fuel was when man used sticks of wood to light the first fires. Fuels are combustible substances of organic origin or artificially obtained substances, which are used for producing heat and energy. Wood, diesel, coal, domestic gas and petrol. By definition a fuel is any material that can be made to react to create energy. Examples of solid fuels are wood, coal, peat and dung.  The most common liquid fuel is petroleum with natural gas being the most common gas fuel.

1673 the first fire hose was invented in Holland which involved 50 foot lengths of leather sewn together with brass connectors attached at either end.  Later metal rivets were used instead of stitches which could withstand better under pressure.  As the leather would dry out the hoses had to be dried out and oiled after each use, these types of hoses were also extremely heavy.  It was not until a decade later that rubber hoses were introduced and in 1873 a standard size coupling connector was introduced.  Today rubber water hoses are used to carry fluids from one destination to another. Hoses or pipes are mostly made from nylon, polyurethane, polyethylene, PVC, or synthetic or natural rubbers, based on the type of fluid it is used for or the environment it is used in.

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